Cataract Surgery

Cataracts are treated only surgically.With cataract surgerythe natural eye lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens.
The procedure itself takes a few minutes. A tiny incision is made in the eye through which the cataract is removed by a tiny instrument with the size of a pen tip. Recovery after the surgery is very quick. On the day of the surgery an extensive eye examination is done and the dioptre of the intraocular lens that will be implanted is carefully measured. Your doctor will help you with the choice of the intraocular lens. Preparation before the surgery includes dilation of the eye. The anaesthetic is topical so the patient is awake and does not feel any pain. (If you have some other diseases a general anaesthesia might be used). After the cataractsurgery you don’t have to stay in hospital for the night. On the morning of next day (between 8 – 9 a.m.) your bandage will be taken off by a member of our team and you will have a post-operative exam. Patients and their relatives, who come from another town, can spend the night after the surgery in our in-patient unit. For a period of one month following the operation you will have to use the eye drops prescribed by your doctor. It is very important to follow the doctor’s instructions in order to avoid any complications.
Types of lenses:

  • Monofocal lenses have one focus point and can offer clear distance vision. The patient, however, will need glasses for reading or computer work. Toric lenses also fall in this group and they have been designed particularly for patients with cataract and corneal astigmatism. Similarly to monofocal lenses this type of lenses ensures a qualitative distant vision and less dependability on spectacles. Most of the patients, however, still need glasses for reading and computer work.
  • Bifocal lenses allow the patient to see well both at a near and far distance.
  • Multifocal lenses are created for patients who do not wish to wear glasses. They can substitute your natural lens and also correct presbyopia (age-related long-sightedness). With their help you will be able to see equally well at close and distant objects.

This group also includes the following types:

  • Multifocal toric lenses for patients with astigmatism who want to free themselves from spectacles for all distances, whether they have a cataract or not. These lenses can replace natural human lenses and to correct presbyopia as well. They provide excellent image in the full range of vision – near, far away and in-between.

Accomodative lenses (Smart lenses) are modern type of lenses which correct vision without refractive and diffractive rings. The human eye uses its muscles to move the lens which allows focusing on objects thus enabling you to see in all directions. With Smart lenses accommodation for near vision is achieved by optic shift of the lens.